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CLASSIC TURKISH MUSIC

TREATMENT WITH TURKISH MUSIC

According to the opinion of the experts who do research on music, music existed before speech. Abstract concepts, memory, symbols, associations, analogical connections necessary for speech have developed and matured with humans. In every particle of nature, there is a harmony of rhythm and melody that continues in great order and harmony. In the harmony and rhythm perfection of bird sounds; In the magnified sounds of the movements of electrons, atoms, galaxies and the circulation of fluids in our body, we can observe the interest and relationship of music with the realm of existence. The understanding of music and music therapy history in the world leads us to cooperation with sciences such as anthropology, history, ethnotherapy, ethnomedicin, psychology, pedagogy, sociology, spirituality, parapsychology. When we enter the subject in terms of history, we have to travel to very old years: The dancing human figures seen on the Gobustan Rocks in Azerbaijan reveal the fact of music and movement of 12-14 thousand years. The Mingyar rock paintings, located on the banks of the Mülçe river near the Çerçen district of the Hoten city belonging to the Uighur Turks, give a story of 6-8 thousand years.
When the historical and cultural accumulation that brings us to ancient times is observed with the Proto Turkish culture, the German scientist Dr. The information written by Wolfram Eberhard is important and the Turkish culture dates back to BC. to Chinese culture in the III millennium; Its effects on music, dance, ceramics, theater, animal training, etc. are documented. According to the data published in Lavinniac encyclopedia of music based on Chinese sources by French researcher Maurice Curan, Old Turkish musical instruments and pentatonic (five-voice) music performance have greatly influenced Chinese culture. Researchers named Eduard Chavannes, Bela Bartok, Robert Lach and great Turkish ethnomusicologists Mahmut Ragıp Gazimihal, Ahmet Adnan Saygun and Ferruh Arsunar have done research on this subject and documented the connection of Turkish music culture to Central Asia - Anatolia and its effect on Chinese culture. According to these studies, the important centers of Proto-Turkish culture are the provinces of Sensi and Kansu. Khakas and Tuva culture, Altai Turkish culture, BC. It brings together 3000 years. XX . At the turn of the century, Soviet researchers Rudenko and Griaznov found an instrument called "Çeng" under the ice in the Pazirik Valley in the Altai. Rudenko takes the history of Proto-Turkish culture to which this instrument belongs to 3700 years ago.

TREATMENT WITH MUSIC
Capricorn - Sagittarius
AUTHORITY: NIHAVENT AUTHORITY (STRENGTH AND TOLERANCE) EFFECTIVE AFTERNOON
EFFECT AND TIME: It is effective in the afternoon. It is effective on blood circulation, abdomen, hips, thighs and legs. It is beneficial for lower back pain and blood pressure. It relieves the mind of boredom and gives a feeling of strength and tolerance.

COACH
AUTHORITY: RAST AUTHORITY (JOY AND PEACE) MUST LISTEN TO THOSE WHO CARE ABOUT EFFECTIVE SCIENCE AT MID-NIGHT AND SAHUR TIME.
EFFECT AND TIME: It is effective in the morning and at midnight. It is effective on bone brain and fat. It prevents excessive sleep and raises the heart rate. It is good for mental disorders. Pleasure brings inner peace. Felt is good. It relaxes the head and eyes. It relaxes the muscles.

SCALES
AUTHORITY: REHAVI AUTHORITY (SORRY AND ACTION) IT IS USEFUL TO LISTEN TO EFFECTIVE THEORY SCIENCES IN FAITH TIME.
EFFECT AND TIME: It is beneficial for mental disorders. It is good for headache gall, right shoulder, nose bleed, mouth cramps, phlegm, chest stomach and lateral hips. It facilitates childbirth and gives a feeling of eternity and freedom.

Scorpio – Aquarius
MASTER: HÜSEYNİ MAUT (PEACE AND COMFORT) MORNING EFFECTIVE
EFFECT AND TIME: Liver is good for the heart. It relieves internal distress, malaria, and it is good for your shoulder bee. It relaxes the internal organs. It gives a sense of self-confidence and determination. It is effective against autistic and sypastic patients. Beauty, silence gives comfort and has a refreshing feature.

SAGITTARIUS
AUTHORITY: HIJAZ (LOW VOLUNTEERING) BETWEEN TWO Azan IT IS USEFUL TO LISTEN TO THE PERSON WHO TAKES EFFECTIVE DIVINE AND LITERARY WORKS.
EFFECT AND TIME: It is good for bones and pediatric diseases. It is effective against sexual power and kidneys. It raises the low heart rate and relaxes the chest. It gives a sense of humility.

PISCES
OFFICE: UŞAK ( FEELING OF Laughing) EFFECTIVE AT SUNSET
EFFECT AND TIME: It is good for heart and foot ailments. Expresses deep love and mystical feelings, says laughing, gives joy and heroic feelings. It makes the internal organs of children work well. There are many examples in Turkish military music (Mehter) and it is one of the most loved makams by the Turks.

LEO
AUTHORITY: BUZÜRK AUTHORITY (FEAR AND VESVESE) EFFECTIVE AT NIGHT AND EVENING TIME
EFFECT AND TIME: It is good for diseases caused by abuse and brain damage. It clears the mind and prevents delusions, gives direction to the mind. It gives strength, it is good for neck, throat, chest, lung and heart and flank pains.

Virgo – Libra
AUTHORITY: ZENGULE AUTHORITY (NIGHT EFFECTIVE)
EFFECT AND TIME: It is effective in heart diseases, brain diseases and meningitis. It is related to hip joints and inner legs. It lowers stomach and liver fever. It relieves mental ailments.

Gemini-Cancer
AUTHORITY: ISFAHAN AUTHORITY (FEELING OF CONFIDENCE) SUPERVISORS WORKING IN EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATIVE JOBS BETWEEN AFTER AFTERNOON AND IHA SHOULD LISTEN.
EFFECT AND TIME: It protects from febrile diseases. It is effective on nape, neck and shoulders. It relieves left elbow pain. Confidence, harmony, ability to move, openness of mind, contentment, gives a feeling of refreshing the memories. It is one of the favorite maqams of the Turks.

Aquarius- Capricorn
AUTHORITY:NEVA OFFICE (FLAVOR AND FRESHNESS) EFFECTIVE DAILY TIME AFTER IDA
EFFECT AND TIME: It has an effect on the right chest, kidneys, spinal cord, hips and thighs. It relieves sadness, caresses the heart and gives flavor. It expels bad ideas, gives courage and valor. It gives strength and heroism. It is good for mental disorders and creates joy of heart. It is one of the favorite makams of the Turks. There are many examples in military music (mehter).

TAURUS
AUTHORITY: IRAQ AUTHORITY (FORWARD-TIME EFFECT)
EFFECT AND TIME: It is beneficial for brain and mental diseases, meningitis. Effective on shoulders, arms and hands. It affects the top of the head and helps to think and comprehend. It removes fear. It gives pleasure.

CANCER
AUTHORITY: ZİREFKEND OFFICE (EFFECTIVE AFTER MIDDLE NIGHT)
EFFECT AND TIME: Back joint pain is beneficial for the hips. Paralysis affects the heart, lungs, chest, hip and right shoulder. It awakens deep emotions and increases joy.

ACEMAŞİRAN OFFICE: It provides the body fat balance and gives a sense of creativity. It provides satisfaction for women.
SEGAH MACHINE: It is beneficial for obesity, insomnia, high heart rate, heart, liver and muscle pain. It creates mystical feelings. It has a pain relieving effect.
SABA MACHINE: Courage gives strength and comfort.
PENTATONIC MELODIES: It is an important character of Asian origin Turkish music. It provides self-confidence and determination. Children should be listened to only pentatonic music until the age of 9-10.

TREATMENT WITH WESTERN MUSIC

It is a system that is thought by dividing the body into seven different parts. The choice is made according to whether the body is stimulated or not. And this system can also be supplemented with colors.
Instruments have different effects on the human body. The mental body is affected by string instruments, the emotional body by string instruments and bells, the physical body by cymbals and percussion, the spiritual body by harp, organ, and wind chimes.

BODY REGION

COLOR

MUSIC TO LISTEN

EFFECTS

INDUCED

UNWARNED

INDUCED

UNWARNED

HIGH REGION ( OVER HEAD )

Purple

Mahler = 2. Symphony Bach = St Mattew Passion Ravel=Isp. st.Cecilliya Chopin=1.Piano conc. by Rapsadi Handel-Ode. Delius-Florida Suite Cesar Freank-Reminor symphony

Beethoven 5th Symphony George Bizet-Domajor symphony Edward Mc Dawell- Celtic art Heitor Willa - Lobos guitar concerto

The aroused lives in his own fantasy world. He thinks the whole arc is real.

He is unstimulated introverted and arrogant. Becomes arrogant and witty

FOREIGN REGION

Navy blue

Schubert:usamundea prelud Bach:Concerto for two pianos Handel:Harp concerto Bethoven : 6th Symphony Mozart : Concerto for flute and harp Bach : Strings concerto in G major

Sibelius: Finland Rodrigo: Aanjvez Clarke: Trumpet Vluntary Copland: Portrait of Lincoln

Aroused meddling, non-cooperation, disharmony

unstimulated avoidance of responsibility superficiality not coping isolation from life

THROAT REGION

blue

Edward Grieg-Piano concerto Antonin dvarak - Cello concerto Chopin - Grande

Bethowen -Piano 5th Concerto Haydn- Piano concerto no:3 Hill-Joy of life concerto Cesar Frank - Paris angelios Savsa - Marches

aroused curiosity impatience pursuit of unpleasant pleasures knowledgable

unwarned morbid apathetic lazy self-aware very tolerant

CHEST REGION

Green

Bethoven-6. Symphony Tchaikouski-Romeo and Juliet Massargsky - Pictures from an exhibition Edward Grieg- Gynt Svit

Bach- Toccato Fugue Grieg- Piano Concerto Rachmaninoff- Piano Concerto No. 2

Aroused stubborn - rigid

Unstimulated Conservative, emulation of cruelty oppressions, avoidance of innovation

Abdominal Area

Yellow

Vivaldi- Oboe Concerto Debussy - Moonlight Wagner- Night Star

Handel- Water Music Bach- Good-natured Clavier Teleman- Concerto for three violins and orchestra Bach- Brandeberg Concerto

Stimulated superficial living fantasy world wide lack of concentration

Unwarned Gossip arrogance selfish constantly critical superficial life

UNDER BELLY REGION

Orange

Bach -Concerto for two pianos Handel- Harp concerto Schubert - Prelude to Rosamun denin John Dowland- Concerto for stringed instruments

Bethowen - Egmont Overture Brahms- Piano Concertsu No. 1 Saint-Seans-3. Symphony Tchaikovsky-5. Symphony

Induced anger restlessness bad criticism irresponsible superficiality

unstimulated shy coward indecisive low self-esteem

THE REGION WHERE THE LEGS MEET

Red

Vivaldi- For season Mozart- Concerto for Flute and Harp Edward Grieg-Holberg suit Bach- Airon the 6- string

John Philips Sousa -The Stars and stripes forever John Strauss- Rodetzk march Tchaikouski - Soldier march Gusepe gave- victory march - aida Sir,Edward Elgar-Hope victory land

Aroused, passionate, oppressive, but not emotional and aggressive, fun and sex-loving attitudes

They hunt unstimulated, sickly, lazy and restless.

Mp3s above
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WHY MUSIC THERAPY IS NECESSARY

  1. It contributes to the economy and is cheap.

  2. It creates changes in the human psyche. The right music fixes the psyche.

  3. It prepares the ground for self-expression.

  4. It provides social activity.

  5. It regulates the human body rhythm. Supports physical ability.

  6. It takes the stress of women during childbirth and reduces their pain.

  7. It provides tranquility by affecting the alpha-beta waves of the brain in mental illnesses.

  8. It makes it easier for people to train.

  9. The right music prepares a person mentally and physically for work and action.

METHODS OF TREATMENT WITH MUSIC

DANCE : Music provides physical and spiritual effects, creates a more intense trance, relieves the muscles and joints and the lack of motivation.

SINGING : It provides the power of self-expression, it is used for those who have speech difficulties. It helps to establish breath control. It refreshes the memory.

PLAYING INSTRUMENTS: It enables the brain and the whole body to act together. Self-confidence increases. Gains the ability to act with the group.

LISTENING: Strengthens attention and memory in our mental abilities. According to the music listened to, it develops the senses and provides a sense of confidence. It regulates the body rhythm. It allows the transfer of cultures.

TRADITION OF MUSIC AND MOVEMENT THERAPY

ACTIVE MUSIC THERAPY

Central Asian physicians called Kam and Baksi used music and dance to treat patients. This dance therapy, which still continues in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Altai, Mongolia and Siberia regions, aims to reach the necessary treatment information for the sick person as a result of the trance state obtained by the spiritual energy surrounding the whole body, which is activated by arm, shoulder and head movements. Baksi; They were performing trance and therapy acts with musical instruments such as KILKOPUZ, DOMBRA, SANKOPUZ, ASATAYAK, DAVUL. Pentatonic music tones were generally used in these sessions. Pentatonic music is used in the treatment and education of autistic children, with the finding that Pentatonic music creates self-confidence and determination in the treatment system applied in the London Nordoff Robbins music therapy institute in England.
Within TÜMATA studies, various sufi dances (semah and sema) along with the Baksı dance are examined and these ancient techniques are used in modern medicine, such as autism, geriatrics, oncology, immunology, neurology, cardiology, depression, anxiety, etc., with an active music therapy approach. applied for treatment purposes. There is a cooperation between the Berlin Urban hospital and the Vienna Meidling Clinic in these matters.

PASSIVE ( RECEPTIVE ) MUSIC THERAPY TRADITION

On the subject of music and dance, which have an important place in Turkish history and culture, and the treatment with them; In addition to the pentatonic music form and Baksı-Kam treatment tradition, the maqam music that has matured and settled has been updated in today's medicine. Farabi, İbn-i Sina, Ebu Bekir Razi, Hasan Şuri, Hekimbaşı Gevrekzade Hafız Hasan Efendi, Haşim Bey wrote works about the makam music that developed and spread in Central Asia, Khorasan and Uyghur regions more than a thousand years ago, and they classified the relationships of makams with emotions and organs. they have stated. While pentatonic music continued to develop in Turkish provinces, the maqam system, which is a seventh system and based on the formation of nine comas in one full tone, contributed greatly to our culture and art with its maqam richness of nearly four hundred.
Abu Bakr Razi, a Muslim Turkish scholar who lived between 834 and 932 AD, states the following in his work on the treatment of melancholics: “... the melancholic patient should definitely be treated with preoccupation. ... the melancholic patient should be engaged in one of the fun occupations, such as fishing or hunting. If possible, they should be accustomed to various games; He should meet and talk to the person whose behavior, morals, and behaviors he likes and love, and listen to songs that are read with a beautiful voice.”
The great Turkish scholar Farabi (870-950) classifies the effects of maqams on the soul as follows:

  1. Rast tonality: It gives people pleasure (joy, peace).

  2. Rehavi maqam: It gives human being (idea of ​​eternity).

  3. Küçük maqam: It gives human sensitivity (sensitivity).

  4. Büzürk tonality: It gives a person havf (feeling of shyness, avoidance).

  5. Isfahan maqam: It gives people the ability to move and a sense of confidence.

  6. Neva tone: It gives people taste and comfort.

  7. Uşşak tonality: It gives people a 'dilhek' to laugh.

  8. Zirgüle maqam: Sleep gives a person 'nevm'.

  9. Saba maqam: It gives courage (courage, strength) to people.

  10. Buselik tonality: It gives strength to people.

  11. Hüseyni maqam: It gives people peace (calmness, comfort).

  12. Hijaz maqam: It gives a person humility (humility).

Ibn Sina (980-1037), one of the great Islamic scholars and philosophers, defines the role of music in medicine as follows: “...one of the best and most effective ways of treatment is to increase the mental and spiritual powers of the patient, to encourage him to fight the disease better. is to make him listen to the best music, to bring him together with the people he loves...”
Ibn-i Sina says that he was greatly injured by Farabi's works and even learned music from him and put it into practice in the medical profession. Since the twelve chapters in Kitab'un Necat and Kitab'un Şifa, which he wrote in Arabic, were completely devoted to music, this part was published in French by Baron Rodolph Dearlangar as 'La musique Arap'.
There is extensive information about treatment with music in the work called 'Tadil-i Emzice' by Şuuri, one of the old Turkish physicians. Şuuri states that in 'Tadil-i Emzice' certain authorities are effective at certain times of the day. According to that:

  • Rast and Rehavi tonalities: Seher times are effective.

  • Hüseyni tonality: It is effective in the morning.

  • Iraqi maqam: It is effective in mid-morning.

  • Nihavent tonality: Effective at noon.

  • Hijaz maqam: It is effective between two azan.

  • Buselik tone: It is effective in the afternoon.

  • Uşşak tonality: It is effective at sunset.

  • Zengüle tonality: It is effective after the group.

  • Opposition authorities: It is effective after Isha.

  • Rast tonality: Effective at midnight.

  • Zirefkend tone: Effective after midnight.

According to Shuuri, the effects of music on the members of parliament are also different from each other.

  • To the Assembly of Ulema (Scholars): Rast and Tawabii authorities

  • To the Umera (Emirs) Assembly: Isfahan and Tevabii authorities

  • To the Council of Dervishes: Hicaz and Tevabii authorities

  • To the Council of Sufis: Rehavi and Tawabii authorities are effective.

In the Nureddin Hospital, which was built in Damascus by the Seljuk Sultan Nureddin Zengi 900 years ago, musical tonalities were used for treatment purposes. In the following periods, for 700 years, music therapy was applied in the hospitals of Amasya, Sivas, Kayseri, Manisa, Bursa, Istanbul (Fatih Kulliye) and Edirne until 100 years ago. It is written in Evliya Çelebi's travel book: “””Deceased and afflicted Bayezid Veli ... In his foundation book, he allocated gulam as a cure for the sick, healing for the afflicted, food for the souls of the divans and love for the souls of the divans and saz players, three of which are neyzen and one One of them is a violinist, one is a musician, one is a santuri, and one is an oud, and they come three times a week to give music chapters to the sick and the insane...”
As it turned out, during the performance of the passive-receptive music therapy tradition, which developed with the maturity of our Khorasan-origin Turkish Art music and Horasan-Anatolian musical maqams, the patients were resting while sitting comfortably or lying down. In this form of treatment, the aim was to change the emotional (emotional) state of the patients, to relieve them and help them gain self-confidence.
Today, these principles are adhered to in the technique applied by us. The patient takes the resting position, during a session, an improvisation (rhythmic improvisation) is performed with Ney, Rebab, Cheng, Oud, Dombra and Rübab, accompanied by a wide and relaxing rhythm and water sound, and the appropriate maqams are practiced. During such a performance, positive changes and improvements are observed in various psychological and physical diseases, from autism and psychological pediatric diseases to geriatrics. In this regard, Dr. L. Gutjahr and Prof. EEG measurements were made by V. Mechleid and this tradition of at least 1000 years has been confirmed in today's laboratory. Cassettes and CDs to be used in treatment were brought into the body by us after the practices on 15 of these maqams, which are known to be more than 400.
In the Meidling Rehabilitation Center in Vienna, patients in a coma are given therapy by listening to Turkish musical makams. It has been determined that alpha and theta waves have changed in the brain, and it has been observed that many patients come out of coma with music therapy sessions.

REFERENCES
♫ TÜMATA studies
www.mehtertv.com

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